In Germany, the “Energiewende” (energy transition) is designed to make the energy supply more sustainable for the environment and climate.
Alongside increasing the share of renewable energy sources, the energy supply also has to remain affordable and reliable. Wind and solar energy do not supply a constant amount of energy at all times of the day or year, and often not in the location where the energy is needed. This mismatch between generation and consumption of renewable energies requires new concepts for energy transport, distribution, storage and utilisation.
These concepts are being investigated by the Helmholtz Centres Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) using a new large-scale research infrastructure - the Energy Lab 2.0.
Energy Lab 2.0 is both a real-life experimental facility and a simulation platform, enabling the partners to investigate the interplay of components in the smart, connected energy system of the future. This will see the development of new grid architectures, the integration of widely varying storage technologies, new grid hardware and strategies for monitoring and control, as well as the interlinkage of electricity, heat and chemical energy carriers; all of which contribute to ensuring the success of the energy transition.
The Energy Lab 2.0 is funded by the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg as well as the Federal Ministries of Education and Research (BMBF), and Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).