The brain of the Energy Lab 2.0 is the Smart Energy System Simulation and Control Center (SEnSSiCC). SEnSSiCC controls most of the plants and collects all the data which can then be stored, displayed in various ways, and thoroughly analyzed.
As a development environment for controlling local intelligent energy systems, SEnSSiCC offers a platform to experiment with all relevant components scaled down to study even critical operating states as well as for training. Furthermore, SEnSSiCC provides a power hardware in-the-loop test facility with real-time simulation and control. SEnSSiCC also enables the detailed investigation and simulation of multi-scale energy systems, involving different energy carriers.
Conceptual design by Behnisch Architects for the SEnSSiCC building
The Smart Energy System Control Laboratory (SESCL)
As part of the infrastructure for researching the energy transition, the KIT is building the Smart Energy System Control Laboratory (SESCL) in the Energy Lab 2.0. It will be equipped with the most important devices from electrical grids and heating systems. The connection to mobility is through battery charging stations. Of course, in a laboratory, only very few components are connected to a grid in comparison with reality. For this reason, the researchers use Power Hardware in the Loop systems (PHIL) to simulate the environment. A unique feature in the SESCL is the option of wiring up and performing new experiments remotely and quickly. The power switching station for this feature comes in 27 electric cabinets.
The Energy Grids Simulation Laboratory (EGSL)
Energy networks connect producers and consumers. The grid of the future plays a central role in the energy transition, making it essential to plan, simulate, analyze and optimize the grid. In the Energy Grids Simulation & Analysis Lab (EGSL), a hardware and software infrastructure is realized in the form of a toolbox for modeling, multimodal simulation and analysis of energy networks. Both microgrids (household grids and stand-alone grids) and the grid on the KIT north campus, as well as wide area synchronous grids (city of Karlsruhe grid, transport and 110 kV grid in Germany, European UCTE grid) are examined. State-of-the-art software and novel computer solutions developed in-house form the basis for this in the EGSL.
The Control, Monitoring and Visualization Center (CMVC)
The “Control, Monitoring and Visualization Center” (CMVC) in the Energy Lab 2.0 is a piece of research-oriented IT infrastructure for conceptualizing, developing and evaluating new software approaches for planning and operating smart energy system solutions. Using a high performance computing cluster with cloud computing and big data technologies, innovative services provide researchers with highly scalable tools for data management, analysis/forecasting, simulation, optimization, and visualization. A SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) instrumentation ensures the technical and regulatory connection to the Energy Lab 2.0 plants and energy networks.
Power Hardware In The Loop (PHIL)
Power Hardware in the Loop (PHIL) is a virtual real-time grid simulation environment that incorporates and exchanges power with real hardware. PHIL is used to safely and repeatedly test new power grid components, topologies and technologies in any imaginable operating scenario, to reduce hardware development costs, shorten time to market and turn Germany's power grid into a sustainable one with a large share of distributed renewable energy generation.