Welcome to the Energy Lab 2.0
The energy transition raises many questions: How can energy be generated in an environmentally friendly way and stored efficiently? What happens when the sun doesn't shine and the wind doesn't blow? And what happens if more electricity is suddenly needed? To answer these questions, the Energy Lab 2.0 researches the intelligent interaction of various options to generate, store and supply energy.
Research for the Energy Transition
By 2045, climate neutrality is to be achieved. Meanwhile – by 2030 – greenhouse gas emissions are to be reduced by at least 65% compared with 1990.
However, wind or solar energy cannot be generated consistently everywhere. Energy is often needed far away from where it is generated, and peak loads can be expected at certain times.
This dilemma must therefore be solved because affordable and environmentally compatible energy should no longer remain a utopia.
As Europe's largest research infrastructure for renewable energy, the Energy Lab 2.0 finds answers to all these questions. Here, the intelligent networking of environmentally friendly energy generators and storage methods are investigated. In addition, energy systems of the future are simulated and tested based on real consumer data.
A plant network links electrical, thermal and chemical energy flows as well as new information and communication technologies. The research aims at improving the transport, distribution, storage and use of electricity and thus create the basis for the energy transition.
Then Energy Lab 2.0 is a cooperative project of the Karlsruher Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Helmholtz Centres Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR).
The project is sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts (MWK).
In situ catalyst activation is a significant process improvement and was therefore investigated in the second week of December 2021 on the Three-Phase Methanation (3PM) in the Energy Lab 2.0. For this purpose, a novel method was developed and tested, in which the methanation catalyst is activated directly in the reactor and during operation. The tests were successfully completed and, thus, provide valuable data for transferring the results from the 100 kW 3PM to industrial scale and for their economic evaluation.More about Three-Phase Methanation
Die sogenannte Reversible Solid Oxide Cell (rSOC) wurde nun erfolgreich in Betrieb gesetzt. Das System kann sowohl im Elektrolysemodus (Strom-zu-Wasserstoff) als auch im Brennstoffzellen- bzw. Reformermodus (Wasserstoff- oder Erdgas-zu-Strom) betrieben werden. So kann dieses System aus chemischen Energieträgern elektrischen Strom generieren oder über erneuerbaren Strom grünen Wasserstoff mit sehr hohem Wirkungsgrad erzeugen. Solche Flexibilitätsoptionen sind im Energiesystem der Zukunft elementar und können nun auch im Energy Lab 2.0 untersucht werden.Zu Power-to-Liquid
"The fuel that's made from air" is how AverEnergy's Avenue magazine describes the eFuels from the Energy Lab 2.0.
Since climate-neutral flights, ship voyages or other heavy transports are inconceivable without synthetic fuels, eFuels are presented as hope for the future. Professor Dittmeyer explains the four steps in the cycle from carbon dioxide from the air to the refined synthetic fuel.